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"Merlin" - Sheltie with Hypothyroidism

Photo: Merlin losing hair
Merlin before thyroid supplementation

Photo: Merlin after treatment
Merlin after treatment with Soloxine

 

Lethargy, weight gain, muscle weakness and hair loss are symptoms most humans might subscribe to "growing older".................or just bad luck! However at only 4 years of age these were not symptoms that "Merlin" the Sheltie or his owners were anticipating at this early stage. It was quite clear that "Merlin" had a medical problem.

Solving these medical problems requires "weight of evidence" rather than 1 simple test. Top of the most likely list in with these symptoms would be hypothy-roidism or an underactive thyroid gland.

A series of blood tests are required to be as sure as possible that this is the correct diagnosis. Since the thyroid levels normally are subject to fluctuations throughout the day and in response to a variety of conditions a low thyroid level on its own is NOT suffi-cient to make an accurate diagnosis. Rather a low thyroid level in combination with a high "thyroid secret-ing hormone" (TSH) level indicates that the patient is trying very hard to produce thyroid but is unable to do so.

 

Such was the case with "Merlin" who additionally had a very high cholesterol reading which is entirely consist-ent with this disease. Once the diagnosis has been made this condition is particularly straightforward and very rewarding to treat. The thyroid deficiency is over-come with thyroid supplementation and often the trans-formation in the patient can be astonishing.

The main concern with long term therapy is ensuring that the thyroid levels remain within normal ranges: too high and the effect on the heart can lead to terminal failure, too low and the "ageing symptoms" can reap-pear.

Regular blood tests ensure that therapeutic levels are maintained. The "sad" appearance of an underactive thyroid patient is quickly replaced with a bright, lively and enthusiastic individual. Lush hair growth ensues as "Merlin" will testify and most patients look as if they have taken the elixir of life!

Now where did I put my thyroid tablets!

Terry Dunne BVMS, Cert SAO, MRCVS

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